सनातन धर्म भूमिका

Meaning of "Veda , Chanting Methods>"


Veda , Chanting Methods


In General

The Ancient Rishis have devised a number of methods to preserve the Veda Mantras in their original form, to safeguard the words, the structure and their tonal and verbal purity. They laid down rules to make sure that none of the syllable is changed in chanting, not a svara is altered. The time duration to enunciate each syllable of a word is also fixed; how we must regulate our breathing to produce the desired vibration is also studied. The Vedanga called Siksa deals with this study.

A remarkable benefit with this method is that it makes sure that words and syllables are not altered; how to do the error correction if at all any error happens.

There are 11 methods (Patha) of chanting Veda Mantras. They are: samhita(vakya) , pada , karma , jata , mala , sikha , rekha , dhvaja , danda , ratha , ghana

In samhitapatha the mantras are chanted in the original (natural) order, with no special pattern adopted. In the samhitapatha some words of the mantras are joined together in accordance with the rules of "sandhi". In padapatha each word in a mantra is clearly separated from the next. The samhitapatha and padapatha together called prakritipatha

There is another method by which the words are shuffled in a particular order and chanted this method is called vikrtipatha . There are eight vikrti patterns and they are: Jata mala sikha rekha dhvaja danda ratha ghana

The kramapatha do not go in the strict natural order nor the rules of Vikruti, so it is not part any group

The various patha got its own pattern of chanting, however they are not allowed to change the original form of Mantra

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Word Sanskrit IAST In General Veda Purana